Wild horses in the United States face a number of challenges and threats to their survival. Some of the key issues facing wild horses include:

Overgrazing: Wild horses require large amounts of forage to survive, and when populations exceed the carrying capacity of the land, overgrazing can occur. This can lead to damage to the land and a decline in the quality and availability of food for the horses.

Habitat destruction: Habitat destruction due to development, mining, and other human activities can also have a negative impact on wild horse populations. As their habitats are destroyed or fragmented, wild horses are forced to move into areas where they may be at greater risk of injury or death.

Roundups: In order to manage wild horse populations on public lands, the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) conducts roundups, in which horses are captured and removed from the range. This process can be stressful for the animals, and some advocates argue that it is inhumane and unnecessary.

Slaughter: Some wild horses that are captured during roundups are sold at auction and may end up in the hands of kill buyers, who transport them to slaughterhouses in Canada and Mexico. This is a controversial practice that is opposed by many wild horse advocates.

Lack of genetic diversity: Wild horse populations in the United States are relatively small and isolated, which can lead to a lack of genetic diversity. This can increase the risk of genetic defects and reduce the overall health of the population.

Wild horse advocates work to address these issues by advocating for better management practices, promoting public awareness, and supporting conservation efforts that help protect wild horse habitats and promote genetic diversity. They also work to ensure that wild horses are treated humanely and that their welfare is taken into account in all management decisions.

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